BANGALORE

Bengaluru is soon becoming diabetes capital of Karnataka

Bengaluru is soon becoming diabetes capital of Karnataka, the vie

According to a survey, 51 per cent of people in city are diabetic and many such patients also lost their lives during covid waves


According to the latest survey by Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), Bengaluru is turning out to be the diabetes capital of the state, if not the country. According to the survey, 50.86 per cent of people in the city were diabetics. In fact, many diabetics had also lost their lives during the first and second waves.

BBMP, which is going on a door-to-door visit, has so far surveyed 2,48,280 houses and checked 7,11,648 people in the last 21 days. During the survey, it was found that 57,528 were suffering from co-morbidities. Of them, 35.82 per cent have hypertension, 2.99 per cent have hypothyroidism and 2.48 per cent have ischemic heart disease.

It was found that 22,313 people have been infected with covid. Dr N Kavitha Bhat, Senior Consultant: Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Aster RV Hospital, said: “During the pandemic, there has been a surge in cases of Type 1 diabetes in children. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, which means that our own immune system attacks the cells in our body. In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells of the body.”

She said that respiratory infections, including covid-19, are believed to trigger the activation of the immune system against the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas, resulting in diabetes. “Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2 (ACE-2) has been identified as the receptor for SARS -CoV-2 entry. Localisation of ACE2 in the insulin-producing cells of pancreas allows the coronavirus to enter the cells and damage it. Also, immune dysregulation during the course of covid may induce development of autoantibodies against pancreatic beta cells.”

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Earlier, in a Lok Sabha statement, the Union Health Ministry said that though it did not have the exact data on patients suffering from Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular conditions, diabetes and obesity, studies indicated that the number of people infected with these diseases was rising.

Dr. Mahesh D M, Consultant – Endocrinology, Aster CMI Hospital said, “Increase in obesity fueled by urbanisation, nutrition transition and increasingly sedentary lifestyles have made it an epidemic among Asian countries. Asians also tend to develop diabetes at a younger ages and lower BMI levels than Caucasians.” He said among the factors contributing to rise in diabetes are high prevalence of smoking and alcohol use; high intake of refined carbohydrates (e.g., white rice); and reduced physical activity levels. “Poor nutrition in early life combined with overnutrition in later life also plays a significant role. Interactions between Westernised diet and lifestyle and genetic background together accelerate the rate of diabetes onset in the context of this transition in nutrition.”

During the pandemic, there has been a surge in cases of Type 1 diabetes in children

–Dr N Kavitha Bhat, Aster RV Hospital

The reply also quoted a World Health Organisation (WHO) report that NCDs were the reason for 41 million deaths each year globally. In India, it was estimated that nearly 5.8 million people (WHO report 2015) die from NCDs every year.

Covid jabs

Health Minister Dr K Sudhakar said Karnataka may fully vaccinate the entire adult population against covid by November-end. “Around 23 districts were lagging in vaccination coverage. These districts have been given a target to complete the first dose for all by the end of this month and to complete both the doses for all by November.”

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